Solar Power- the future of a greener environment!
There are numerous reasons to support this statement. Solar power is a great renewable energy source and is also abundantly present. As it protects our environment just apart from fulfilling our energy needs, it is dominating the market. This is also in demand because of the emerging effects of global warming. And everybody is well aware of it.
Having its potential benefits, many residential and commercial owners are inclined toward it. And all these reasons lead to the increased demand for solar innovations. That’s why there is a big room for solar lead generation companies to increase solar installations.
But the normal solar power generation methods are not for everyone at every scale of production. So, this is the need of the hour to add some technical innovations to the side of solar energy. After all, What’s better than squeezing more out of the sun when it is free to use?
There are already many remarkable advancements in design, battery life, panel style, efficiency, storage capacity, etc. Apart from this, there are many more revolutionary technologies to shape the future of solar power. So here, you will read about ‘what are the new technologies in solar energy’.
So, without wasting a minute, let’s dive in to know!
Top Technologies Shaping the Future of Solar Power
One of the exciting technologies shaping the future of solar power is Bio-solar cells. Bio-solar cells are a technological advancement in which nine biological-solar cells are connected into bio-solar panels. And the connecting pattern of the nine identical biological cells is 3*3.
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This was done to get a piled bio-solar panel. In this pattern, more and more electricity can be generated with the excellent use of photosynthesis and the respiratory activity of the bacteria in a cycle of 12 days and nights.
A bacteria present abundantly in almost every aquatic and earthly habitat is called Cyanobacteria. Cyanobacteria are used to generate clean solar energy and bio-solar cell is the latest innovation to use this. Traditional bio-solar cells are also less expensive to make as it requires less material.
Concentrated PV Cells
Another good technology in the sector of solar power is concentrated PV cells. IBM researchers have found an efficient way to generate electricity from solar energy. According to them, it is possible to get a high concentration of light (approximately 10 times) on photovoltaic cells without melting them.
The Concept behind concentrated PV cells uses a big lens to focus on light upon a small piece of PV semiconductor. Also, the cost behind this idea is very less as a very tiny piece of semiconductor material is used.
A narrow layer of liquid metal, a composite of gallium and indium is put between two surfaces. The very high thermal conductivity of the metal and its liquid state helps to make an extra thin layer of around 10 micrometers.
The three main benefits of this technology are good efficiency, a cheap price system, and very less capital investment. These benefits make it a good technology to pace up.
Floating Solar Farms
You know big level ground-mount solar systems require good space but many countries don’t provide much ground for installation. So, floating panels or floating solar farms are a good alternative to avoid this problem. Many big firms are already working on developing floating solar farms.
This budget-friendly alternative to large-scale solar panels is good for water-based industries. The main idea behind this technology is a main float that is built of (HDPE) high-density thermoplastic. And this is adjusted at a 12-degree angle for supporting a 60-cell solar panel module.
And this main float is linked with a secondary non-slippery HDPE floating module. Through this linking, two floats are joined to give lightness. This whole system is very easy to install and disintegrate. One can use it for low to high-level electricity needs without the use of any heavy equipment. Whereas, this recyclable invention is very ecologically sound which makes it a good move to shape the future of solar power.
Harvesting Trees Based on Solar Energy
Trees are a very lovable part of nature. And what’s better than using their prototypes for making clean and green energy?
Nothing…Right! So, the next technology shaping the future of solar power is harvesting trees. 3-D printing technology is used to make a dummy project of energy harvesting trees. These small leaves are capable of nicely storing and generating energy from the sun. It is very good to use for small devices and appliances.
Leaves of the tree are actually considered changeable natural solar cells. And they are printed using very mass-level techniques to use in this innovation. It makes a multi-converter system with each leaving as a single power converter to get energy from different resources. These resources may include solar, heat, or wind. Hence, the countless replication and huge production is one of the benefits of this advanced technology.
Reshaping Solar Spectrum
While installing solar panels, the labor and land cost takes the major part of the expenses. And solar panels are made up of silicon or cadmium telluride, which only takes up to 20 percent of the whole cost.
So, if the cost of solar plants is to be reduced, we have to cut down the land expenses. This can be achieved when we require less land to install panels. But as the requirement for electricity can’t be reduced, we have to enhance the capacity of each solar cell or panel. This is not as easy as it looks.
But as per research, this is possible by combining inorganic semiconductor nanocrystals having organic molecules. This way they can easily upconverting photons in near-infrared and visible areas of the solar spectrum.
This region of the spectrum crosses right from the photovoltaic materials. And photovoltaic cells easily absorb the upconverted photons.
These elements are successfully reshaping the solar spectrum to have a better match with photovoltaic materials. This awesome ability to use the infrared region of the spectrum can rise solar energy production by up to 30 percent.
Another one of the most important technologies shaping the future of solar power is solar desalination. In this process, salt water is changed into fresh water. It also helps to solve the water problems prevailing in the cities.
With desalination, one can remove salt from the water with a nicely designed still that uses solar energy to boil seawater and collect the steam. This steam is then cooled down and changed into fresh water by condensing. And the still collects all the remaining impurities and dirt.
There are basically two methods to do solar desalination: Direct or Thermal, Indirect or Photovoltaic. This is basically done to handle water scarcity. This technique also provides fundamentals for doing water treatments and solar collection.
Transport using Solar Power
Last but not least top technology in the sector of solar power is using it for transportation. Solar cars under this category are a great invention. By using power from the sun, these cars work. Without gas or fuel, you can run these cars for a very long distance. You also have to charge them with the sun’s energy.
One more advancement in transportation using solar power is solar roadways. These can reduce the emission of harmful greenhouse gases. These highways are potentially equipped with solar panels to help drivers in any unwanted weather conditions.
This is a great step to make solar energy more popular among the generation and let them use it in daily life.
So, that’s all about some of the top technologies shaping the future of solar power. The future of solar energy is bright and shining as these technologies can help to reduce environmental harm.
One more major reason for the success of solar power is its cost-effectiveness and efficiency. Being a reliable renewable energy resource, it can compensate in many commercial areas too. People are also interested to be part of organizations that are environmental-friendly. Also, the government is taking many initiatives to increase the awareness and usage of the sun’s energy.
So, these given technologies are the best examples of ‘how the future uses solar energy’? And more and more people are inclining towards it as there is a lot that solar energy can give to this world!