Treatment For Bone Fracture

Treatment For Bone Fracture

A bone fracture is a medical condition where the continuity of the bone is broken.

A significant percentage of bone fractures occur because of high force impact or stress.

However, a fracture may also be the result of some medical conditions which weaken the bones, for example osteoporosis, some cancers, or osteogenesis imperfecta (also known as brittle bone diseases).

A fracture caused by a medical condition is known as a pathological fracture.

Fast facts on fractures

Here are some key points about fractures. More detail and supporting information is in the main article.

  • Most bone fractures are caused by falls and accidents.
  • Bone fractures caused by disease are referred to as pathological fractures.
  • A compound fracture is one that also causes injury to the overlying skin.
  • There are a number of different types of fractures, including avulsion, comminuted, and hairline fractures.
  • Bone healing is a natural process, treatment revolves around giving the bone optimum conditions to heal itself.

What is a bone fracture?

The word “break” is commonly used by lay (non-professional) people.

Can Increased Vitamin C Intake Help Bleeding Gums?

Among doctors, especially bone specialists, such as orthopedic surgeons, “break” is a much less common term when talking about bones.

A crack (not only a break) in the bone is also known as a fracture. Fractures can occur in any bone in the body.

There are several different ways in which a bone can fracture; for example, a break to the bone that does not damage surrounding tissue or tear through the skin is known as a closed fracture.

On the other hand, one that damages surrounding skin and penetrates the skin is known as a compound fracture or an open fracture. Compound fractures are generally more serious than simple fractures, because, by definition, they are infected.

Most human bones are surprisingly strong and can generally stand up to fairly strong impacts or forces. However, if that force is too powerful, or there is something wrong with the bone, it can fracture.

The older we get, the less force our bones can withstand. Because children’s bones are more elastic, when they do have fractures they tend to be different. Children also have growth plates at the end of their bones – areas of growing bone – which may sometimes be damaged.


There is a range of fracture types, including:

  • Avulsion fracture – a muscle or ligament pulls on the bone, fracturing it.
  • Comminuted fracture – the bone is shattered into many pieces.
  • Compression (crush) fracture – generally occurs in the spongy bone in the spine. For example, the front portion of a vertebra in the spine may collapse due to osteoporosis.
  • Fracture dislocation – a joint becomes dislocated, and one of the bones of the joint has a fracture.
  • Greenstick fracture – the bone partly fractures on one side, but does not break completely because the rest of the bone can bend. This is more common among children, whose bones are softer and more elastic.
  • Hairline fracture – a partial fracture of the bone. Sometimes this type of fracture is harder to detect with routine xrays.
  • Impacted fracture – when the bone is fractured, one fragment of bone goes into another.
  • Intraarticular fracture – where the break extends into the surface of a joint
  • Longitudinal fracture – the break is along the length of the bone.
  • Oblique fracture – a fracture that is diagonal to a bone’s long axis.
  • Pathological fracture – when an underlying disease or condition has already weakened the bone, resulting in a fracture (bone fracture caused by an underlying disease/condition that weakened the bone).
  • Spiral fracture – a fracture where at least one part of the bone has been twisted.
  • Stress fracture – more common among athletes. A bone breaks because of repeated stresses and strains.
  • Torus (buckle) fracture – bone deforms but does not crack. More common in children. It is painful but stable.
  • Transverse fracture – a straight break right across a bone.


Share on PinterestSymptoms of a bone-fracture can vary wildly depending on the affected region and severity.

The signs and symptoms of a fracture vary according to which bone is affected, the patient’s age and general health, as well as the severity of the injury. However, they often include some of the following:

  • pain
  • swelling
  • bruising
  • discolored skin around the affected area
  • angulation – the affected area may be bent at an unusual angle
  • the patient is unable to put weight on the injured area
  • the patient cannot move the affected area
  • the affected bone or joint may have a grating sensation
  • if it is an open fracture, there may be bleeding

When a large bone is affected, such as the pelvis or femur:

  • the sufferer may look pale and clammy
  • there may be dizziness (feeling faint)
  • feelings of sickness and nausea.

If possible, do not move a person with a broken bone until a healthcare professional is present and can assess the situation and, if required, apply a splint. If the patient is in a dangerous place, such as in the middle of a busy road, one sometimes has to act before the emergency services arrive.


Most fractures are caused by a bad fall or automobile accident. Healthy bones are extremely tough and resilient and can withstand surprisingly powerful impacts. As people age, two factors make their risk of fractures greater: Weaker bones and a greater risk of falling.

Treatment For Bone Fracture
Treatment For Bone Fracture

Children, who tend to have more physically active lifestyles than adults, are also prone to fractures.

People with underlying illnesses and conditions that may weaken their bones have a higher risk of fractures. Examples include osteoporosis, infection, or a tumor. As mentioned earlier, this type of fracture is known as a pathological fracture.

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Stress fractures, which result from repeated stresses and strains, commonly found among professional sports people, are also common causes of fractures.

Hyperkalemia Causes and Its Treatment

Hyperkalemia Causes and Its Treatment

What is Hyperkalemia?

If you have hyperkalemia, there are too many potassium ions in your blood. The body needs a delicate balance of potassium to help the heart and other muscles function properly. But too much potassium in the blood can cause dangerous and possibly fatal changes in heart rate.

Cause of Hyperkalemia

Additionally, if the kidneys are not functioning properly and potassium cannot be removed from the body, or if you take certain medications, hyperkalemia can occur.

Furthermore, Kidney disease is the most common cause of hyperkalemia. The kidneys help control the balance of potassium in the body. If they are not functioning properly, they will not be able to filter out the excess potassium from the blood or remove it from the body. Moreover, a hormone called aldosterone tells the kidneys when to remove potassium. Diseases that reduce the production of this hormone (such as Addison’s disease) can cause hyperkalemia.

Hyperkalemia Causes and Its Treatment

In addition, if the kidneys are not functioning well or you are taking certain medications, too much potassium in your diet can also cause high blood lipids. Salt substitutes usually contain a lot of potassium. Foods such as watermelon, orange juice and bananas are also rich in potassium.

Some health problems interfere with the way potassium ions leave the cell. Sometimes cells release too much potassium. Excessive potassium release may be due to:

  • The breakdown of red blood cells is called hemolysis.
  • The destruction of muscle tissue is called rhabdomyolysis
  • Burns, trauma or other tissue damage
  • Uncontrolled diabetes

Importantly, diseases that may affect the kidneys’ ability to remove potassium from the body include:

  • Hormone imbalance
  • Lupus
  • Renal insufficiency
  • Other kidney diseases

Drug-Induced Hyperkalemia

Moreover, some drugs can cause hyperkalemia. This is especially true if you have kidney disease or the way your body processes potassium. In addition, certain drugs can increase the amount of potassium in the body.

Medications related to hyperkalemia include:

  • Blood pressure drugs are called angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors
  • Plus, Blood pressure medications called angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB)
  • Blood pressure drugs are called beta blockers.
  • Herbal supplements, including milkweed, lily of the valley, Siberian ginseng, hawthorn or dry skin preparations or frog poison (Bufo, Chan Su, Senso)
  • Equally, Heparin, anticoagulant
  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
  • Potassium supplement
  • Also,Potassium-sparing diuretics, including amiloride (Midamor), spironolactone (Aldactone and Carrospir) and triamterene (Dyrenium)
  • Antibiotics, including amoxicillin

Symptoms Of Hyperkalemia

Here, Potassium helps the nerves to ignite normally, thereby responding to stimuli. Again, this happens through electrical signals propagating from one unit to another.

Hyperkalemia Causes and Its Treatment

As part of the nervous system, your brain also needs potassium. importantly, this mineral allows brain cells to communicate with each other and with distant cells. Plus, changes in potassium levels are related to learning, hormone release and metabolism.

Diagnosis Of Hyperkalemia

Your doctor will examine you and listen to your heartbeat. The system will ask you questions about medical history, diet and medications. Above all, it is important to make sure that your doctor knows all the medicines you are taking, including over-the-counter products such as herbs and other supplements.

Furthermore, laboratory tests will be performed to check potassium levels in blood and urine. Your doctor will explain your specific results to you. Many different factors can affect your potassium levels. However, if your potassium levels seem to be high, your doctor may perform blood tests again.

Moreover, an electrocardiogram (ECG) or electrocardiogram (EKG) can perform to check for heart rhythm problems. This test records the electrical activity of your heart.

Not all patients with hyperkalemia have changes that can be seen on EKG.

Treatment Of Hyperkalemia

Follow are the treatments may include:

  • Follow a low potassium diet
  • Stop or change drugs that cause hyperkalemia
  • Take medicine to lower the potassium content in the body. Water pills (diuretics) remove potassium through the urethra.
  • Treatment of kidney disease may include dialysis, which filters potassium from the blood.
  • Other treatments depend on the cause of hyperkalemia.
  • Some drugs act as potassium binders:
  • Patromir (Veltassa)
  • Sodium polystyrene sulfonate (Caexalate)
  • Sodium Zirconium Cyclosilicate (Lukelma)

Additionally, you can take it by mouth to prevent hyperkalemia. Lastly, they should not used in emergency situations. If your potassium level is dangerously high, you will receive urgent care, including intravenous medication.

Complications Of Hyperkalemia

However, Hyperkalemia can cause life-threatening changes in heart rhythm or arrhythmia. It can also cause paralysis and weakness.

Can Increased Vitamin C Intake Help Bleeding Gums?

Can Increased Vitamin C Intake Help Bleeding Gums?

A new study shows that low levels of vitamin C in the blood may be the root cause of bleeding gums. Researchers say that brushing and flossing may not be enough to reverse oral health problems.

Bleeding gums are usually symptoms of underlying oral health problems, such as gingivitis or gum disease, which is an inflammatory disease that affects the gum tissue and teeth.

In the early stages of gingivitis, the gums will swell and bleed. If left untreated, these symptoms may worsen, causing the gums to separate from the teeth and causing tooth and bone loss.

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Traditional treatments for bleeding gums include adding brushing and flossing to your daily oral hygiene regimen. As well as treating underlying diseases that may lead to the development of gingivitis.

Diseases associated with an increased risk of gingivitis include diabetes and immunodeficiency. Lifestyle choices and smoking can also play a role.

However, new research has found that although brushing and flossing are essential for overall oral health. Insufficient vitamin C (also known as ascorbic acid) may be the root cause of bleeding gums.

Can Increased Vitamin C Intake Help Bleeding Gums?
Can Increased Vitamin C Intake Help Bleeding Gums?

Researchers at the University of Washington recently published their findings in Nutrition Review.

The role of vitamin C in oral health

The study authors reviewed data from 15 clinical trials in six countries, of which 1,140 participants were in good health.

They also analyzed data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey). Which targeted 8,210 eye-related bleeding or bleeding in the United States.

Researchers found that participants with low levels of vitamin C in the blood were more likely to have gum bleeding. During a gentle examination, the tendency of gum bleeding, and a higher rate of intraocular bleeding (called retinal bleeding).

Interestingly, the study authors found that participants with low levels of vitamin C in their plasma increased their vitamin C intake. Also, help prevent bleeding from the gums and reverse eye-related bleeding problems.

The lead author of the study, Professor Philip Hujoel, assistant professor of oral health sciences at the Washington University School of Dentistry. Said the results of this study are important because trends in gum bleeding and retinal bleeding may indicate problems with the microvascular system.

The system includes the body’s tiny blood vessels, including the brain, heart and kidneys. The results show that testing plasma vitamin C levels and correcting any deficiency can reverse microbial bleeding problems throughout the body.

However, Professor Hujoel emphasized that the results of the study did not show that there is no direct relationship between the increase in vitamin C levels and the prevention of stroke or other microvascular diseases.

Instead, the results show that the current daily recommended vitamin C is aimed at preventing scurvy. And may not be enough to prevent gum bleeding and other related microvascular problems.

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The data also shows that although it is a good practice to treat bleeding gums by increasing brushing and flossing. These procedures may not solve the root cause of the problem.

Professor Hujoel explained:

“When you find bleeding gums, the first thing to consider is not to brush your teeth. You should try to find out the cause of bleeding gums. Vitamin C deficiency is one of the possible reasons.”

Previous studies have also studied vitamin C and its relationship with gum bleeding.

A Korean study published in “PLOS ONE“. Wich says that study participants who did not take enough vitaminC were 1.16 times more likely to develop periodontitis (a type of gum disease) than participants who took enough vitamin C.

The Best Way To Exercise To Improve Muscle Endurance

The Best Way To Exercise To Improve Muscle Endurance

Muscle endurance refers to how long a muscle can maintain exercise. Improving muscle endurance can help improve overall health.

This article explores the benefits of muscular endurance, the best training methods to increase endurance, and how people apply these techniques to general exercise.

We will also explore techniques for preventing injuries in training, and how to design exercise programs that can bring long-term performance and health benefits.

What is muscular endurance?

Muscle endurance is the ability to continuously contract a muscle or group of muscles against resistance (such as body weight or body weight) over a while.

The enhanced performance of these muscles means that they can continue to contract and resist these forces.

Greater muscular endurance allows a person to complete more repetitive exercises, such as push-ups or squats.

Benefits Of Muscular Endurance Training

According to research by the American Athletic Council (ACE), the benefits of muscular endurance include:

  • Helps maintain good posture and stability for a long time
  • Improve muscle aerobic capacity
  • Also, improve the ability to perform daily functional activities, such as lifting heavy objects
  • Improve athletic performance in endurance-based sports

How do you measure muscle endurance?

Muscle endurance tests can measure the number of times a person can repeat the exercise before the muscles reach a state of fatigue and cannot continue exercising.

Many tests focus on measuring the muscular endurance of the upper and lower body by measuring the number of push-ups, squats, or sit-ups that a person can achieve.

A person can work with a fitness coach to measure muscle endurance or record the number of repetitions of specific exercises they can perform before reaching a state of fatigue.

How do you improve endurance?

To enhance muscle endurance, ACE recommends combining upper and lower body exercises and strengthening exercises for the entire body.

Perform moderate resistance training and take short breaks in between, which will result in a short burst of power, thereby increasing strength.

Courses or high-intensity interval training (HIIT) are suitable methods for combining aerobic exercise and strength training in a sport.

Unless someone’s fitness goals include endurance-based training in a particular sport, muscular endurance training alone may not be the most appropriate strategy.

The best exercise program combines strength training with muscle endurance.

Some evidence also suggests that exercise programs that people find pleasant may have more long-term benefits because they are more likely to stick to it.

Research records comparing HIIT and steady-state training in 2015:

“The change in the type of exercise is as important as the type of exercise. In particular, the health benefits of exercise must be considered from the perspective of a controlled study that may last for several years instead of just a few weeks.”

Muscle endurance training

When training to improve muscle endurance, the most important thing is not the type of exercise, but how people design exercises.

People should consider the following points when designing exercises to enhance muscle endurance:

  • Number of iterations
  • Weight or muscle resistance
  • Number of groups
  • Height or rest time

According to the National Association of Strength and Condition Training, individuals receiving muscular endurance training should aim for the load of three or more groups of 15 or more sports, that is, to complete 50% or less than one representative (RM) of the maximum load.

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The maximum number of individual repetitions is the maximum load a person can complete a repetitive exercise.

For example, a person may want to use a leg press in a gym to increase leg endurance.

If they have 300 pounds (lbs), their goal is to perform 2-4 sets of 15 or more toys with a load of no more than 150 pounds, and have a short break between each set.

As their muscle endurance improves in this exercise, they may wish to increase the difficulty of the exercise by reducing the rest time between groups or increasing the number of repetitions for each group, rather than increasing pregnancy weight.

A person can apply the same principles of high repetition, fixed volume, low and medium loads, and short-term rest to any exercise (such as bench press, dumbbells, push-ups or squats).

People can choose exercises that suit their preferences. These challenges are both challenging and fun, and they can continue training.

Example exercise

As mentioned earlier, there is no specific exercise that is better than other exercises when it comes to building muscle endurance. Design a training plan suitable for endurance training.

However, ACE recommends the following exercises to enhance muscle endurance. Anyone can exercise at home without any equipment:


This push-up can exercise the triceps, chest and shoulder muscles.

Start the push-up position by lifting your body from the ground with your hands and toes while placing your body horizontally on the floor in a straight line.

push ups
Push ups

Place your hands flat on the floor, shoulders apart, and level with your chest.

Start by straightening your arms, then bend your arms while keeping your body straight and pulling away the core and fibres to lower your body until your chest is close to the floor.

Straighten your arms and return to the starting position.

Repeat 5 to 15 times, depending on the difficulty

A person can also exercise the triceps by bringing the triceps close to each other and moving them inward so that the fingers and thumb form a diamond shape.

To facilitate exercise, a person can place their hands on a bench or other sturdy elevated surface.

People can also adjust the thrust by placing their knees on the ground to make it easier, or lift one leg off the ground to make it more difficult.


Squat exercises the buttocks, calves, and quadriceps with core muscles.

When standing, your feet should be shoulder-width apart, and your toes should stick out slightly.

The head is in a neutral position forward, and when the back is straightened back, the arms are extended forward so that they are parallel to the floor.


Bend your knees and squat, keeping your weight in the middle of the arch and thighs parallel to the floor.

Keep your back straight, shoulders back and chest forward.

Push it back to its original position with feet, legs and hips.

Beginners should aim for 5-10 reps and can sit on low ground to perform wall squatting exercises or end exercises to make it easier.

Abdominal Crunches

Abdominal wrinkles can act on the abdominal muscles:

Bend your knees, place your feet flat on the floor, and lie on your back.

Bend your chin and place your hands gently on the back of your head.

Abdominal Crunches
Abdominal Crunches

Slowly roll your upper body toward your knees, keeping your lower body on the mat.

Slowly lower back to the starting position.

Repeat 10-15 times for a starter group.

Pike Crunches

Another example of abdominal crises is the Parker movement:

Lie down with your back flat on the floor and your legs and arms stretched over your head.

Lift the torso and legs off the ground to form a spear.

Pike Crunches
Pike Crunches

Hang the leg straight in the air at a right angle, and then extend the arm to the foot.

Slowly lower the legs and torso to the floor.

Repeat 10-15 times for a starter group.

During this exercise, one can also hold a stability ball between the ankles.


Puncture exercises the muscles of the abdomen, buttocks, buttocks and thighs:

Stand up straight with your feet together.


Bend one knee, raise the other leg, step forward, place your foot flat on the floor, and bend the supporting leg until the knee reaches the bottom.

Use the front leg to push it back to the starting position and repeat the operation with the other leg.

A group of beginners repeat each leg 10-15 times


The plank can exercise the heart and back muscles.

First, lift your body from the ground with your hands and fingers, and at the same time place your body straight on the floor horizontally

Lay your hands flat on the floor with your arms, wrists and elbows straight under your shoulders.


Tighten your chin while tightening the abdominal and thigh muscles.

If the person is a beginner, please press and hold them for 30 seconds, and then rest for about one minute in between.

Repeat the plank at least three times.

If you find it difficult to maintain the plate position with a straight arm, you can modify the exercise by leaning on the forearm instead of the palm.

Prevent injury

The skills to prevent injuries in sports are as follows:

• Warm up with dynamic stretching exercises for at least 5 minutes before exercise

• Pay attention to maintaining the correct posture and style. If you are not sure about doing so, please consult a fitness expert

  • Exhaling during exercise will take more energy and will inhale the easier parts of the exercise
  • Rest for at least 24 hours after exercise
  • Relax and stretch after exercise
  • Stop the physical exercise when sick or injured
Final Words

Muscle endurance is the ability of a muscle to continue to contract and resist resistance over some time.

People can improve muscle endurance through strength and cardiovascular training.

Seven Ways To Help People With Anxiety

Seven Ways To Help People With Anxiety

How to help someone dealing with Anxiety?

Understanding how anxiety works can help you better support your loved ones without inadvertently increasing anxiety.

This situation is common when someone in your life has anxiety. Your loved one may be so frightened that they avoid taking action, act wisely or increase anxiety. It sounds like friends often postpone important tasks or discussions, friends complain about loneliness but refuse to date, or bosses always focus on what may happen, making everyone miserable. . It is difficult to see anxiety in people you know, and it is even more difficult when their anxiety triggers you.

But what can you do to help anxious people?

First, you must understand that anxiety is a human trait, not a defect. Most of us feel anxious from time to time because it is a universally beneficial feeling that can help us see potential threats, make us worry about being excluded by society, and keep us vigilant so as not to be misled. Although exposure to anxiety may seem a drawback, it actually helps fewer people in the community to be more cautious and think twice about what might be wrong.

However, sometimes people will make themselves anxious by coping with anxiety. They think too much (think about the past or worry about the future), avoid anything that makes them anxious, and use compensatory strategies such as being too idealistic to avoid feeling impulsive at work, which temporarily reduces their anxiety, but in the long run Seeing has increased it. . These coping strategies can also alienate people like you.

It can be frustrating and frustrating to watch these people suffer, but there are steps you can take to help them. These are some of the strategies recommended based on my Anxiety Toolkit.

1. Understand the differences in anxiety manifestations.

Due to evolution, we are programmed to respond to fear by fighting, fleeing or freezing. For different people, one of these responses will usually dominate. For example, my wife tends to freeze her head and bury her in the sand instead of dealing with things that make her nervous and alarmed. I tend to fight more battles and become irritable, overly perfect or dogmatic if I feel stressed.

When you understand that anxiety is designed to put us in a threat-sensitive mode, it is easier to understand a person who feels fear (or pressure) and misbehaving due to fear or stress, and sympathize with them. By paying attention to how anxiety disorders appear in the people you care about, you can understand their patterns and be better able to help.

2. Customize your support according to your preferences and attachment styles.

It’s better to ask a person what type of support they like instead of guessing! However, we know from research that people with an avoiding attachment style (usually those who have experienced rejection of interests or relationships in the past) may respond better to strong evidence of specific practical support. . This can include helping people with anxiety break down tasks into manageable steps, or discussing specific options for dealing with difficult situations, such as how to respond to angry emails, while confirming their independence in doing so.

Others are more likely to like emotional support, especially those who are firmly connected or have “destructive” contact methods because they are worried about being abandoned or worried that their emotions will overwhelm others. People like this respond well to statements claiming to be members of a stress group, for example, when their supporters say: “It’s difficult, but we love each other and we will overcome it together.”

Of course, these are just generalizations, and you need to customize the support by looking at the methods that suit your specific situation. However, when you have a very close relationship with someone, you can provide support based on a deep understanding of your loved one’s anxiety patterns.

3. Find ways to take advantage of any thoughts they have about anxiety

If your loved one understands their anxiety, you can help them determine when an anxiety pattern appears. When my wife notices my anxiety about work through expressing her emotions or being overly critical, I find it helpful. Since we have a good understanding of our own style and established a trusting relationship with each other, we can point out each other’s habits. Not that there will always be a grace period, but that the information will sink anyway.

If you want to do this, it’s best to get their permission first. Remember, people with insight into anxiety disorders still feel compelled to “give in” to their anxiety disorders. For example, a person suffering from health anxiety may logically know that it is unnecessary to go to the doctor for multiple checkups a week, but cannot save themselves. If the loved one lacks understanding of anxiety or has difficulty controlling OCD, it is best to encourage them to see a clinical psychologist who specializes in anxiety.

4. Help people who desire to lighten their thoughts

If you educate yourself about the cognitive behavioral model of anxiety, it will be a more helpful supporter, and you can do this by reading with your loved one or taking a therapy course. Instead, you can try some techniques that are useful for people with anxiety disorders.

Anxious people usually have a natural bias towards thinking about the worst. To help them understand this, you can use cognitive therapy to get them to consider the following three questions:

Therefore, if loved one is worried that they should have received a letter from their parents a few hours earlier and did not receive it, then you can suggest that they consider the worst, best and most likely explanation for lack of communication.

Be careful not to over-assure your loved ones that their fears will not come true. It helps to emphasize their ability to cope. For example, if they are worried about a panic attack on an airplane, you can say: “It will be very annoying and frightening, but you can solve it.” And, if the loved one is worried that others are angry or disappointed with them, this usually helps remind them that if they do not fully control the reactions of others, they will never be able to choose their own behavior.

5. Provide support, but not take responsibility

Avoidance is a key feature of anxiety, so sometimes we may feel “helped” by doing things for our cunning relatives and unknowingly avoiding eating. For example, if your eager roommate finds that making a phone call is too stressful, but you end up making a call for them, they will never avoid it.

A good general principle to keep in mind is that support means helping someone help themselves rather than doing things for themselves, which actually includes anything you stop doing. For example, if your loved one is on a date, you may propose to join your loved one for the first treatment. Or, if they are not sure how to choose a therapist, they can consider ways to do so, but let them choose.

An exception may be someone’s anxiety accompanied by severe depression. If they cannot get out of bed, they may be so closed that they temporarily need people to do anything that needs to help them survive. Similarly, relatives sometimes fall into anxiety disorders, so that they are in a pure survival mode and need more practical help to complete their work. However, in less serious cases, it is best to provide support without taking responsibility or being overly assured.

6. If a person has more serious anxiety, please avoid shame

What should we do for people with serious problems? People with panic disorder, depression and anxiety, post-traumatic stress, or obsessive-compulsive disorder (including the thought of eating disorders) may worry that they might go crazy. You may feel that their help is beyond your ability.

You can still provide support in many ways. When someone is experiencing extreme anxiety, this helps to reassure them that your overall view of them has not changed. Still the same person. They only suffer from a temporary problem, which has become uncontrollable. They have not been broken, and who they are has not changed. By sharing or encouraging their interests and hobbies, you can help that person stay in touch with the positive aspects of their identity to the greatest extent possible.

Sometimes people with chronic anxiety disorder don’t care about this change at all. For example, you may be friends with someone who has a phobia or eating disorder but has a stable and long-lasting condition. In this case, you can accept the person so that he does not feel isolated. It is best to be cautious about their limitations and not to embarrass them unnecessarily or insist on trying to become “normal.”

7. Take care of yourself too

Realize that your goal is to help others, not to heal or reduce their anxiety. Taking too much responsibility is actually a symptom of anxiety, so make sure not to fall into a trap.

Remember, your support does not need to focus directly on anxiety. For example, exercise is very good for anxiety; therefore, maybe you can only offer walks or take yoga classes together. It is also a good idea to set some limits on your support. Compared to a two-hour marathon discussion, it may be more helpful (and less stressful) to have a 20-minute conversation to reduce the stress of going out for a walk.

Helping people with anxiety disorders is not always easy, and you may feel that you are doing something wrong. However, if you remind yourself that you and your loved ones are doing your best, that can help you keep your eyes on. It is important to be compassionate, as the saying goes, put on an oxygen mask first. In this way, you will have a clearer mind to understand the situation of the anxious person and how you can really help.

Black Tongue: Causes and Countermeasures

Black Tongue: Causes and Countermeasures

Black tongue is a harmless and temporary oral disease. Despite its name, a black tongue does not always cause the tongue to turn black. In fact, the main symptom is the appearance of hair on the tongue and obvious growth.

Black tongue is usually caused by the accumulation of keratin on the surface of the tongue.

However, excessive growth of bacteria or fungi in the mouth can also cause the tongue to turn black. Black tongue is temporary and can heal easily without treatment.

Read on to learn more about the causes of black tongue disease. We have also identified some home remedies that may help clean and prevent black tongue.

The reason

There are two main types of black hairy tongues: black hairy tongues and black hairy tongues. Each has different reasons, which I will describe in detail in the following sections.

Black hairy tongue

The accumulation of keratin may cause black tongue.

The skin of the tongue is covered with a protein called keratin.

Usually, keratin is shed when skin cells are shed. But sometimes keratin accumulates on the tongue. This can cause the tongue to appear black and discolored. The doctor calls this black hairy tongue.

The following factors increase the risk of keratin accumulation on the tongue:

  • Poor oral hygiene, which may be caused by irregular tooth brushing or tongue scraping
  • Drink coffee or black tea
  • Smoking and other forms of tobacco use
  • Recent or long-term use of antibiotics
  • A weakened immune system due to a medical condition (such as diabetes or HIV)
  • A disease called trigeminal neuralgia that affects the facial nerve
  • Radiation Therapy

Black hairy tongue

Some people’s tongues may be black. This indicates a black, hairy tongue caused by fungal infections, bacterial infections or other oral diseases.

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Depending on the underlying cause, a black tongue may cause different symptoms.

Blackening the tongue does not always make the tongue black. Instead, the main symptom is that the tongue is hairy due to long, filamentous growth.

Usually, people with a black tongue have no other symptoms. However, some people may encounter the following situations:

  • The tongue color changes to black, brown, gray or yellow
  • Confused or sticky tongue
  • Bad breath
  • Bad breath
  • Burning sensation
  • Mute
  • Family therapy

Black tongue is harmless. However, this may indicate that a person is at risk of developing oral health problems.

Maintaining good oral hygiene can help clean the black tongue. People can try:

  • Brush your tongue regularly with fluoride toothpaste
  • Use a tongue scraper to remove plaque, bacteria and other debris on the tongue
  • Rinse the mouth with warm water and salt to improve hygiene and reduce bad taste and smell
  • Brush your tongue after each meal and do not eat after brushing your teeth at night
  • Put baking soda or hydrogen peroxide on your tongue
  • Drink plenty of water to maintain oral hygiene

Eat more raw fruits and vegetables, which can help clear the tongue

Treatment or treatment

If the black tongue cannot clear itself within a few days, a person should seek medical treatment.

A doctor or dentist may recommend the following treatments for people with black tongues:

Antibiotics: These drugs help treat bacterial infections of the tongue.

Changing medicines: People who have a black tongue due to antibiotics may need to change antibiotics.

Black Tongue: Causes and Countermeasures

Antifungal treatment: These drugs can help treat the fungus that causes black-tongue disease.

Other drugs and supplements: Anecdotal evidence suggests that certain drugs-including salicylic acid, retinoids, and B-complex vitamins-can relieve symptoms of black-tongue. However, people should not use these treatments without first consulting a doctor.

Surgical treatment: If other treatments are not effective, the doctor or dentist may perform surgery to remove long, linear growths on the tongue. The cutting process is safe and effective. However, the black-tongue may come back after the operation.

When to see the doctor

Black-tongue may irritate people, but this is not a medical emergency.

It is safe to wait a few days and try some home remedies before going to the doctor or dentist. However, if symptoms persist or worsen, people should seek help from a healthcare provider.

Sometimes, black-tongue appears with other symptoms of oral health problems, such as:

  • Gum pain
  • Oral infection
  • Tooth infection
  • Broken tooth

If a black-tongue is accompanied by any of the following symptoms, people should see a doctor or dentist as soon as possible:

  • Pain
  • swelling
  • The teeth are clearly damaged


Note that a black tongue may be annoying, but it is not a sign of serious illness. However, in some cases, it may indicate that a person needs to improve their oral hygiene.

Generally, it is safe to wait a few days before receiving blacktongue treatment. At the same time, people can try home remedies, such as brushing their teeth or scraping the tongue and rinsing with salt water.

If symptoms persist or worsen, or are accompanied by pain and swelling, you should see a doctor or dentist. The doctor or dentist will work hard to diagnose the cause of the blacktongue and provide appropriate treatment.

Eating Dried Fruit Linked To Better Overall Diet And Health

Eating Dried Fruit Linked To Better Overall Diet And Health

Encouraging people to eat more dried fruit — without added sugar — could be an effective way to boost their intake of vital nutrients, researchers have concluded.

dried fruit
Image credit: Daniel Kaesler / EyeEm / Getty Images.

Low consumption of fruit in the United States and other countries is a major contributor to diet-related disease and disability, according to a recent analysis.

Fruit is a good source of nutrients, such as fiber and potassium, that many people lack in their diet. It also contains bioactive nutrients that provide extra health benefits, including polyphenols and carotenoids.

Research suggests that eating fruit is associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular disease, cancer, and type 2 diabetes.

However, only about 24% of females and 14% of males in the U.S. eat the recommended daily amount of fruit, according to the National Cancer Institute.

Several factors might contribute to people’s low intake of fresh fruit, including limited availability, high cost, and perishability.

Recommending that people eat more dried fruit could be one solution.

Healthful snack?

Dried fruit offers several advantages over fresh fruit in terms of cost, availability, and ease of storage and transport. It could also replace more unhealthful snack food that is high in sugar, salt, and saturated fat.

At the same time, however, there are concerns about overconsumption leading to excess calorie intake because dried fruit is such an “energy dense” form of fruit.

Previous observational studies have found that eating dried fruit is associated with health benefits. However, the evidence is inconclusive because people who eat more dried fruit may tend to have a more healthful diet and lifestyle overall.

The new study by researchers at Pennsylvania (Penn) State University in University Park aimed to get around this difficulty by comparing days when particular participants reported eating dried fruit with days when they ate none.

They found that people tended to consume more key nutrients on the days they ate dried fruit, including dietary fiber and potassium. However, they also consumed more calories.

“Dried fruit can be a great choice for a nutritious snack, but consumers might want to be sure they’re choosing unsweetened versions without added sugar,” says Valerie Sullivan of Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore, MD, who was a grad student at Penn State when she led the study.

“Portion sizes can also be tricky because a serving of dried fruit is smaller than a serving of fresh since the water has been taken out. But the positive is that dried fruit can help people potentially consume more fruit because it’s portable, it’s shelf-stable, and can even be cheaper.”

The research appears in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.

Health and nutrition survey

For their analysis, the scientists drew on survey responses from 25,590 individuals who took part in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007–2016.

The respondents provided information about the food they had consumed in the past 24 hours (called “dietary recalls”).

Dried fruit accounted for only 3.7% of all the fruit consumed. However, a total of 1,233 participants reported consuming dried fruit on one out of two dietary recalls, allowing the scientists to compare their intake on these days.

Data were also available on the participants’ health, including their body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, and seated resting blood pressure.

Even after adjusting for demographic and lifestyle factors, the participants who ate significant amounts of dried fruit tended to have better diets, a lower BMI, a smaller waist circumference, and lower systolic blood pressure compared with those who did not.

When the researchers compared the days when a participant ate dried fruit with those when they did not, they found that the average intake of total carbohydrate, dietary fiber, potassium, and polyunsaturated fat was greater on the days they ate dried fruit.MEDICAL NEWS TODAY NEWSLETTERStay in the know. Get our free daily newsletter

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Active lifestyle

Taken together, the findings suggest that people who ate dried fruit expended more energy, compensating for the extra calories.

“In our study, people who consumed dried fruits had a higher calorie intake but a lower BMI and waist circumference, which suggests they were more physically active,” says co-author Penny Kris-Etherton, Evan Pugh University Professor of Nutritional Sciences at Penn State.

“So, when incorporating dried fruits, pay attention to calories and be sure to substitute out calories from low nutrient foods for dried fruits to get the greatest benefit of eating dried fruits,” she adds.

The researchers write that eating dried fruit tended to increase total fruit consumption, rather than replacing other forms of fruit. “Thus, increasing dried fruit consumption might help Americans achieve greater fruit intakes.”

The authors acknowledge that their study did not prove that eating dried fruit improves health, only that there seems to be an association. People who are likely to eat dried fruit may have better health for other reasons, such as taking more exercise or leading less stressful lives.

In addition, they note that the survey relied on the participants’ recollection of what they had eaten over the past 24 hours and their ability to estimate quantities accurately.



Recent analysis of temperature trends shows that since the 19th century, the average temperature of the human body has dropped due to physiological changes. The authors of the new study also highlighted possible reasons for these changes.

New research shows that normal body temperature has dropped over time.

For example, most people only consider body temperature when they are worried about the possibility of fever, infection, or cold.

But body temperature can indicate and be affected by many other factors; lifestyle, age, and ambient temperature will affect how our body dissipates heat.

Body temperature is also a sign of healthy metabolism. Specifically, the authors of this new study explained that body temperature indicates the rate of metabolism, some of which are related to longevity and body size.


So what is the normal body temperature? In 1851, a German doctor named Karl Reinhold August Wunderlich (Karl Reinhold August Wunderlich) investigated 25,000 people in a city and confirmed that 37°C is a human body The standard temperature.

However, recent investigations and analyses show that the average bodytemperature is now low.

For example, a study of more than 35,000 people in the UK and nearly 250,000 body temperature measurements found that the average oral temperature was 36.6°C. Could this difference be the result of changes in measurement tools? Or do the new results reflect longer life expectancy and better overall health?

Miroslava Protsev and colleagues from the Department of Infectious Diseases and Geographical Medicine at Stanford University in California conducted an investigation.

The research team believes that “the observed temperature difference between the nineteenth century and the present is real. Over time, its changes provide important physiological clues to the changes in human health and lifespan since the industrial revolution.”

His article was published in eLife magazine.

Study the historical trend of bodytemperature

To test their hypothesis, the researchers analyzed information from three data sets:

The first data includes data obtained from veterans of the EFF Civil War in 1862-1930.

body temperature: what is the new normal?
body temperature: what is the new normal?

The second group is from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted between 1971 and 1975.

It is the third data set of the Stanford Research Comprehensive Database Environment, which contains data on people who received healthcare through Stanford between 2007 and 2017.

All in all, the scientists obtained 677,423 temperature measurements, which were combined to form a pattern over time.

The New Normal Body Temperature Is Lower

Some of the researchers’ findings include:

Today, men’s body temperature is on average 0.59°C lower than that of men born in the early 19th century.

Similarly, from the 1890s to the present, women’s bodytemperature has dropped by 0.32°C.

Overall, the analysis found an average temperature drop of 0.03°C per decade.

To verify whether this decline was caused by advances in thermometer technology, Protsiv and his team analyzed the changes in the data set and assumed that doctors in each historical period usually used the same type of thermometer.


The analysis results in the data set reflect changes in the collected data. The lead author of the study, Dr. Julie Parsonet, professor of medicine, research and health policy, said: “Our temperature is not what people think.

“What everyone learned when growing up is that our normal temperature is [37 degrees], which is wrong.”

Dr. Julie Parsonet

However, due to gender, time of day and age can change bodytemperature, researchers do not recommend updating the standard for all adults in the United States.

What caused our temperature to drop?

So why does the average bodytemperature change? Dr. Parsonnet said: “Physiologically, we are very different from the past.”

“The environment in which we live has changed, including the temperature of our houses, our contact with microorganisms and the food we can obtain.”

“All of this means that although we think that humans are moniform and are similar throughout human evolution, we are not the same. In fact, we are physiologically changing.”

In addition, Dr. Parsonet believes that over time, the average metabolic rate (indicating how much energy our body consumes) has fallen. This decrease may be due to decreased inflammation.

He said: “Inflammation produces various proteins and cytokines, which speed up metabolism and increase temperature.”

Finally, air conditioning and heating lead to a more constant indoor temperature, so there is no need to consume energy to maintain the same bodytemperature.

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Yoga Poses For Beginners

Yoga Poses For Beginners

In this blog, we will discuss complete yoga poses for beginners, which is useful for beginners so that they can practice yoga at home after reading this article completely.

Learn the best yoga sites for beginners:

For beginners, there are some important yoga poses.

Mountain yoga pose

Mountain yoga pose
Mountain yoga pose

This is the basis of yoga postures, they seem to just stand, but this posture makes you feel how you stand and feel the ground.

Keep your feet upright, shoulders relaxed, and evenly distribute the weight on both sides of your feet.

Take a deep breath and raise your hands above your head, palms facing each other, arms straight. Raise your hand to the sky with your fingertips.

Downward Yoga Facing Dog

Downward Yoga Facing Dog
Downward Yoga Facing Dog

This is used in most yoga exercises that stretch and straighten the entire body. Practicing this posture every day will keep you away from the doctor.

Starting from all directions, place your hands directly under your shoulders and your knees under your hips.

Walk a few inches forward, extend your fingers, and press your palms into the mat.

Bend your toes, slowly press your hips toward the ceiling, place your body in an inverted V shape, and then remove your shoulders from your ears. The feet should be hip-width apart and the knees slightly bent.

Hold your breath 3 times.

Plank Yoga Pose

Plank Yoga Pose
Plank Yoga Pose

The plank pose teaches you how to use your entire body to support your hands. It will strengthen the abdomen and also help make the abdomen firm. In this way, you will feel weight loss after a few days. It can also help you learn to breathe to maintain this position.

Put the toes under the feet so that the legs are no longer dead

Move the heel far enough back until you feel straight from head to toe

Occupy the lower part of the abdomen

Pull the shoulders away from the ears

Gather your ribs together and take 8 to 10 deep breaths.

Triangle Yoga Pose

Triangle Yoga Pose
Triangle Yoga Pose

The triangle posture can lengthen the waist, straighten the legs, open the lugs, and add color to the body.

Stand with hands on hips.

Transfer the weight to the left leg and place the sole of the right foot on the inner left thigh, keeping the hips forward.

After maintaining your balance, place your hands in front of the prayer position and put your hands together.

When inhaling, stretch your arms over your shoulders, spread your hands and face each other. Hold for 30 seconds.

Lower and repeat on the other side.

Tree Yoga Poses

Tree Yoga Pose
Tree Yoga Pose

By keeping your body balanced while standing, these yoga poses are best for beginners. This posture will help you focus and maintain clarity.

Stand with hands on hips.

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Transfer the weight to the left leg and place the sole of the right foot on the inner left thigh, keeping the hips forward.

After maintaining your balance, place your hands in front of the prayer position and put your hands together.

When inhaling, stretch your arms over your shoulders, spread your hands and face each other. Hold for 30 seconds.

Lower and repeat on the other side.

Warrior Yoga Pose

Warrior Yoga Pose
Warrior Yoga Pose

In the best yoga exercise, you need a lot of strength and endurance, so these warrior poses will help you develop this. It will stretch the hips and thighs, and strengthen the lower body and core.

Stand with your legs 3 to 4 feet apart, rotate your right foot 90 degrees outward, and your left foot slightly.

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Place your hands on your hips, relax your shoulders, and then spread your palms down to your sides.

Bend your right knee 90 degrees, keeping your knee above your ankle; look at your right hand. Stay for 1 minute.

Change the aspect and repeat.

Bridge Yoga Pose

Bridge Yoga Pose
Bridge Yoga Pose

Dorsiflexion, raising the front body and strengthening the back body are very good for beginners. These yoga poses can help you thin your waist. If there is fat in your waist, it will lose weight and you will feel weight loss.

Bend your knees and lie on the floor directly above your heels.

Place your arms on your sides, palms facing down. Exhale, then press your feet to the floor while lifting your hips.

Put your hands together on your lower back, press your arms down, raise your hips until your thighs are parallel to the floor, and then pull your chest down to your chin. Keep it for 1 minute.

Child Yoga Pose

Child Yoga Pose
Child Yoga Pose

When doing yoga, your body also needs rest, so this baby pose is not only suitable for beginners, but also suitable for yoga practitioners.

Sit comfortably on your heels.

Turn your torso forward and place your forehead on the bed in front of you.

Lower your chest as close to your knees as possible, and then stretch your arms forward.

Keep your position and breathe.