Complete Guide On Construction Machinery Equipment

Construction equipment refers to heavy-duty vehicles, specially designed for executing construction tasks, most frequently ones involving earthwork operations. Kindly check below the construction equipment types and construction equipment list. Moreover, construction equipment for building construction and construction machinery used in construction projects.

Construction Machinery Types And Construction Equipment List

They are also known as heavy machines, heavy trucks, construction equipment, engineering equipment, heavy vehicles, or heavy hydraulics.

However, Proper use of appropriate equipment contributes to the Economy, Quality, Safety, Speed, and Timely completion of the Project. Construction equipment is an important part of any construction process. It is not always desirable or possible for the Contractor to own each and every type of Construction Equipment required for the Project.

Notably, the basic operations involved in the construction of any Project are Excavation, Digging of large quantities of earth, Moving them to fairly long distances, Placement, Compacting, Leveling, Dozing, Grading, Hauling, etc.

Construction Machinery Types

Construction equipment is generally categorized into;

Table of Contents

  • Earth Moving Equipment
    • Excavators
    • Backhoe
    • Loaders
    • Bulldozers
    • Skid Steer Loaders
    • Trenchers
    • Motor Graders
    • Motor Scrapers
    • Crawler Loaders
    • Wheeled Loading Shovel
  • Construction Vehicles
    • Dumpers
    • Tippers
    • Trailers
  • Material Handling Equipment
    • Cranes
    • Conveyers
    • Forklifts
    • Hoists
  • Construction Equipment
    • Tunnelling and Handling Equipment
    • Concrete Mixers
    • Road Making Machines 
    • Road Rollers
    • Hot mix plants
    • Stone crushers
    • Slurry seal machines
    • Heavy-duty pumps (Slurry pump)

Earth Moving Equipment

First on the list is, earth moving equipments. Earthmoving equipment used to carry out the various excavation tasks such as digging and moving the earth. Following are the different types of earth-moving equipment have their unique applications and used mainly for repairing, constructing, elevating, agriculture, and demolition.

Following are the earth moving equipment mostly used in construction projects.

Excavators

Excavators in construction
Image: Excavators

Importantly, excavators are popular earth-moving vehicles that feature a bucket, arm, rotating cab, and movable tracks. These components provide superior digging power and mobility, allowing this heavy equipment to perform a variety of functions, from digging trenches and breaking holes to lifting away waste and excavating mines.

Backhoe

A backhoe — also called a rear actor or back actor
Image: A backhoe

Thirdly, backhoe also called a rear actor or back actor — is a type of excavating equipment, or digger, consisting of a digging bucket on the end of a two-part articulated arm. Furthermore, it is typically mounted on the back of a tractor or front loader, the latter forming a “backhoe loader”

Loaders

Loaders in Construction equipment
Image: Loader

A loader is a heavy equipment machine used in construction to move aside or load materials such as asphalt, demolition debris, dirt, snow, feed, gravel, logs, raw minerals, recycled material, rock, sand, woodchips, etc. into or onto another type of machinery (such as a dump truck, conveyor belt, feed-hopper, or railroad car).

Above all, there are many types of loader, which, depending on design and application, are called by various names, including bucket loader, front loader, front-end loader, payloader, scoop, shovel, skip loader, wheel loader, or skid-steer.

Bulldozers

Bulldozer in construction
Image: Bullzoder

Then we have bulldozer, bulldozer is a large and heavy tractor equipped with a substantial metal plate used to push large quantities of soil, sand, rubble, or other such material during construction or conversion work and typically equipped at the rear with a claw-like device to loosen densely compacted materials.


Skid Steer Loaders

Skid Steer Loaders
Image: Skid Steer Loaders

skid loaderskid-steer loader or skidsteer is a small, rigid-frame, engine-powered machine with lift arms that can attach to a wide variety of labor-saving tools or attachments.

Above all, skid-steer loaders are typically four-wheel vehicles with the wheels mechanically locked in synchronization on each side, and where the left-side drive wheels can drive independently of the right-side drive wheels. Moreover, the wheels typically have no separate steering mechanism and hold a fixed straight alignment on the body of the machine.

Trenchers

Complete Guide On Construction Machinery Equipment- trencher in construction

A trencher is a piece of construction equipment used to dig trenches, especially for laying pipes or electrical cables, for installing drainage, or in preparation for trench warfare. Furthermore, trenchers may range in size from walk-behind models to attachments for a skid loader or tractor, to very heavy tracked heavy equipment.

Motor Graders

A grader, also commonly referred to as a road grader or a motor grader, is a construction machine with a long blade used to create a flat surface during the grading process.

Motor Scrapers

Motor Scaper in construction

In civil engineering, a Motor-scraper or Wheeled Tractor Scraper is a piece of heavy equipment used for earthmoving. The scraper can transport its load to the fill area where the blade is raised, the back panel of the hopper, or the ejector, is hydraulically pushed forward and the soil or clay load tumbles out.

Crawler Loaders

 Construction Machinery Equipment-Crawler Loader
Image: Crawler Loaders Image Source: Indiamart.com

Crawler loaders are heavy-duty earth-moving machines that give you the big power of a dozer and the heavy loading and lifting power.

Wheeled Loading Shovel

Construction Machinery Equipment-Wheeled Loading Shovel
Image: Wheeled Loading Shovel

Wheeled loading shovel is a vehicle attached with shovel designed to perform heavy-duty tasks in earthwork and construction operations. This shovel has specific capabilities to accomplish the loading tasks. Depending upon various sizes, tasks, and design requirements, this wheeled loader is furnished as skid-steer, payloader, bucket loader, skip loader, and wheel loader.

It is used to transport materials from one place to another. It is equipped with a front-mounted bucket, which is supported by a boom structure. For lifting, it loads the material into the bucket by the forward motion of the machine. After lifting the material, it transports the materials to its respective destination.

Construction Machinery includes Construction Vehicles

Dumpers

Dumpers in construction
Image: Dumper

A dumper is a vehicle designed for carrying bulk material, often on building sites. Dumpers are distinguished from dump trucks by configuration: a dumper is usually an open 4-wheeled vehicle with the load skip in front of the driver, while a dump truck has its cab in front of the load.

Tippers

Tippers
Image: Tipper

A dump truck, known also as a dumper truck or tipper truck, is used for taking dumps for construction as well as coal. A tipper is a heavy-duty truck chassis fitted with an open-top body, used for carrying aggregate, crushed rock, soil and other bulk materials to and from construction sites

Trailers

Trailers in Construction
Image: Trailer

Next is a trailer is an unpowered vehicle towed by a powered vehicle. It is commonly used for the transport of goods and materials. Sometimes recreational vehicles, travel trailers, or mobile homes with limited living facilities where people can camp or stay have been referred to as trailers.


Material Handling Equipment

Cranes

Construction Machinery Equipment-Cranes in construction
Image: Cranes

A crane is a type of machine, generally equipped with a hoist rope, wire ropes or chains, and sheaves. That can used both to lift and lower materials and to move them horizontally. It is mainly used for lifting heavy things and transporting them to other places.

Conveyers

Conveyers in Constructions
Image: Conveyer

A conveyor system is a common piece of mechanical handling equipment that moves materials from one location to another. Conveyors are especially useful in applications involving the transport of heavy or bulky materials.

Forklifts

Forklift
Image: Forklift

Moreover, forklift is a powered industrial truck used to lift and move materials over short distances. Moreover, the forklift was developed in the early 20th century by various companies. Including Clark, which made transmissions, and Yale & Towne Manufacturing, which made hoists.

Hoists

Furthermore, a hoist is a device used for lifting or lowering a load by means of a drum or lift-wheel around which rope or chain wraps.Consequently, it may manually operated, electrically or pneumatically driven and may use chain, fiber or wire rope as its lifting medium.

Construction Machinery and Equipment

Tunneling and Handling Equipment

Tunneling equipment. Conveyor systems provide an efficient, reliable, cost-effective, and lower-risk method of removing muck and spoil from tunneling excavation sites. Moreover, this equipment is specifically engineered to smoothly handle the transport of materials from the tunnel excavation site to the surface and beyond.

Concrete Mixers

Concrete Mixture in construction
Image: Concret Mixture

Additionally, a concrete mixer (often commonly called a cement mixer) is a device that homogeneously combines cement, aggregate such as sand or gravel, and water to form concrete.

Furthermore, typical concrete mixer uses a revolving drum to mix the components. For smaller volume works, portable concrete mixers are often used so that the concrete can made at the construction site, giving the workers ample time to use the concrete before it hardens.

Road Making Machines 

road construction equipment

Furthermore, these are the various machines used in the construction road. Though they are available in varying sizes to applicable in small as well as large construction sites, they are generally considered to heavy-duty equipment.

Road Rollers

Complete Guide On Construction Machinery Equipment

A road roller is a compactor-type engineering vehicle used to compact soil, gravel, concrete, or asphalt in the construction of roads and foundations. Similarly, rollers are used also at landfills or in agriculture. Road rollers are frequently referred to as steamrollers, regardless of their method of propulsion.

Hot mix plants

Complete Guide On Construction Machinery Equipment

Additionally, the asphalt plants or asphalt mixing plant is one plant that is used for mixing the dry warm aggregate, padding, and Asphalt for homogeneous mixture at the required temperature. Also, it is widely used to the construction of highway, city road and parking lot.

Stone crushers

Complete Guide On Construction Machinery Equipment

crusher is a machine designed to reduce large rocks into smaller rocks, gravel, sand, or rock dust. Plus, crushers may use to reduce the size, or change the form, of waste materials so they can more easily disposed of or recycled, or to reduce the size of a solid mix of raw materials (as in rock ore), so that pieces of different composition can differentiated.

Importantly, crushing is the process of transferring a force amplified by mechanical advantage through a material made of molecules that bond together more strongly, and resist deformation more, than those in the material being crushed do.

Slurry seal machines

Slurry seal is a cold-mix paving system that can remedy a broad range of problems on streets, airfields, parking lots, and driveways. Moreover, the principal materials used to create slurry are aggregate, asphalt emulsion, and fillers which are mixed together according to a laboratory’s mixed design formula.

Heavy-duty pumps (Slurry pump)

Lastly, a slurry pump is a type of pump designed for pumping liquid containing solid particles. Slurry pumps change in design and construction to adjust to multiple types of slurry which vary in concentration of solids, size of solid particles, the shape of solid particles, and composition of the solution.

However, slurry pumps are more robust than liquid pumps; they have added sacrificial material and replaceable wear parts to withstand wear due to abrasion.

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